Majolica - Earthenware covered with a thin opaque glaze for a special effect.
Male - Protruding or positive side of a mold or die.
Malleable - Able to be shaped with mallet or by hand.
Mallet - A striking tool with a rounded head, usually made of wood. Used in wood carving, as opposed to a hammer which is made of metal and is used in stone carving.
Marble - Crystallized calcium carbonate from limestone formed under extreme pressure.
Master Model - In sculpture the original model which has been cast and set aside after producing a mold from which casts are drawn. As the mold deteriorates another mold is made from the master mold and casting continues.
Maturing - Occurs when molecules in a formula have migrated over a period of time to give the optimum performance from the combination of ingredients.
Melting Point - Temperature at which a metal or material will melt.
Metamorphic Rock - Rock with a crystalline content produced by high degrees of heat and pressure.
Microcrystalline Wax - A nut brown wax derived from crude oil; soft medium hardness modeling material also known as Victory Brown wax. Extensively used in casting bronze. Also known as Micro Wax.
Minarettes - Trade name of Sculpture House, Inc. A series of small steel metal tools used for fine detail work in wax, plaster, plastilina, and clay. Available in various shapes, they are hand ground and forged.
Miniature Tools - Small stone carving tools designed for detail work and finishing. Made of high carbon steel tempered for hard stone.
Mixing Bowls - In sculpture flexible containers made of rubber ranging in capacity from 3 ounces to 5 gallons. Used in mixing plaster or slurry for mold making and casting. Dried plaster will not adhere to the rubber and its flexibility makes the plaster easy to remove. The smaller diameter size is most commonly used for repair work, while the larger size is for batch mixing for casting.
Model - The original sculpture or human model used in making a sculpture. Arguments have raged for years whether or not the actual sculpture, the first cast, or the master is considered the original.
Mold - Hollow cavity produced around a subject for use in creating duplicates of that subject in plaster, bronze, cast stone, etc. The mold is considered the negative and produces a positive cast.
Mold Knives - Heavy steel high carbon knives with four or six inch blades used to remove mold sections, to cut rubber, and to clean mold walls. Handles are made of wood and the blade is continuous through the handle for strength.
Mold Lotion - Liquid separating agent facilitating the easy removal of a cast or separation of the mold from the model.
Mold Making - Constructing a covering, shell, or coating, in single or multiple pieces, from which reproductions of the original can be made.
Mold Rubber - Natural or synthetic rubber used in the mold making process to repro- duce multiple, inexpensive, long lasting casts.
Molten - Liquid state gained from heating a metal so it can be poured.
Monochrome - Picture with a single hue.
Monumental - Larger than life, normally applied to sculptures over 8 feet high.
Mother Mold - Outer casing or securing mold to hold rubber to its natural shape when a cast is being poured. Without the mother mold elasticity of the rubber can distort dimensions of the cast.
Mottling - Having spots or blotches on the surface.
Moulage - Trade name of Douglas & Sturgess. Reusable flexible mold rubber derived from alginate. Used in mold making of the human body and delicate pieces. Moulage can be reused, up to one hundred times without adverse effect, by heating it and adding water.